In Canada, there are three (3) different classes of firearms: Restricted, Non-Restricted, and Prohibited. In order to possess and register a firearm and to obtain ammunition you need to hold a valid license known as the Possession Acquisition Firearms License (PAL).
- PAL is the only licence currently available to new applicants. It is renewable ever five years. As a general rule, applicants must have passed the Canadian Firearms Safety Course.
- Firearms Acquisition Certificates (FAC) issued under the former law were considered to be licences. They have all expired and need to be replaced with a PAL.
- If your firearms licence is about to expire, renew it online today. If your licence expired on or after November 30, 2017, you are eligible for a six month extension period for renewing your licence.
- A Minors’ Licence will enable young people to borrow a non-restricted rifle or shotgun for approved purposes such as hunting or target shooting. Generally, the minimum age is 12 years, but exception may be made for younger people who need to hunt to sustain themselves and their families. Applicants must have taken the Canadian Firearms Safety Course and passed the test.
- Once a person turns 18, they are no longer eligible for a minor’s licence. Instead they must apply for a Possession and Acquisition Licence (PAL) and pay the applicable fee.
- A non-resident firearms declaration that has been confirm by a customs officer is deemed to be temporary licence for up to 60 days.
- Non-residents who have passed the Canadian Firearms Safety Course can apply for a five-year PAL.